A loan is a type of debt. Like all debt instruments, a loan entails the redistribution of financial assets over time, between the lender and the borrower.
In a loan, the borrower initially receives or borrows an amount of money, called the principal, from the lender, and is obligated to pay back or repay an equal amount of money to the lender at a later time. Typically, the money is paid back in regular installments, or partial repayments; in an annuity, each installment is the same amount. The loan is generally provided at a cost, referred to as interest on the debt, which provides an incentive for the lender to engage in the loan. In a legal loan, each of these obligations and restrictions is enforced by contract, which can also place the borrower under additional restrictions known as loan covenants. Although this article focuses on monetary loans, in practice any material object might be lent.
Acting as a provider of loans is one of the principal tasks for financial institutions. For other institutions, issuing of debt contracts such as bonds is a typical source of funding.
Types of loans
A secured loan is a loan in which the borrower pledges some asset (e.g. a car or property) as collateral for the loan.
A mortgage loan is a very common type of debt instrument, used by many individuals to purchase housing. In this arrangement, the money is used to purchase the property. The financial institution, however, is given security — a lien on the title to the house — until the mortgage is paid off in full. If the borrower defaults on the loan, the bank would have the legal right to repossess the house and sell it, to recover sums owing to it.
In some instances, a loan taken out to purchase a new or used car may be secured by the car, in much the same way as a mortgage is secured by housing. The duration of the loan period is considerably shorter — often corresponding to the useful life of the car. There are two types of auto loans, direct and indirect. A direct auto loan is where a bank gives the loan directly to a consumer. An indirect auto loan is where a car dealership acts as an intermediary between the bank or financial institution and the consumer.
A type of loan especially used in limited partnership agreements is the recourse note.
A stock hedge loan is a special type of securities lending whereby the stock of a borrower is hedged by the lender against loss, using options or other hedging strategies to reduce lender risk.
A pre-settlement loan is a non-recourse debt, this is when a monetary loan is given based on the merit and awardable amount in a lawsuit case. Only certain types of lawsuit cases are eligible for a pre-settlement loan. This is considered a secured non-recourse debt due to the fact if the case reaches a verdict in favor of the defendant the loan is forgiven.
Unsecured loans are monetary loans that are not secured against the borrower’s assets. These may be available from financial institutions under many different guises or marketing packages:
* credit card debt
* personal loans
* bank overdrafts
* credit facilities or lines of credit
* corporate bonds
The interest rates applicable to these different forms may vary depending on the lender and the borrower. These may or may not be regulated by law. In the United Kingdom, when applied to individuals, these may come under the Consumer Credit Act 1974.
Demand loans are short term loans that are atypical in that they do not have fixed dates for repayment and carry a floating interest rate which varies according to the prime rate. They can be “called” for repayment by the lending institution at any time. Demand loans may be unsecured or secured.
The most typical loan payment type is the fully amortizing payment in which each monthly rate has the same value overtime.
The formula for the monthly payment can be found in this reference
What You Should Know About Payday Loans?
In this world we live in today you never know when you may run short of cash and payday is just to far away. An alternative to those high bounce check fees and overdrawn notices is Texas Payday Loans. Many people do not understand the concept of payday loans so let us start with what they are exactly and how they can help you. A payday loan is a loan that is given to you based on your weekly, or monthly income.
It becomes due when you usually reach your next payday. You will write a check for the amount you need plus fees and the loan company will hold the check until your next payday. They will then deposit the check into your account and collect what is owed them. This can help you avoid late fees and bounced check charges which can really add up over a couple of days or weeks.
There are many reasons that loans are popular and let us take a look at why they are so popular. Most loans just take minutes to fill out and with no credit check everyone is approved. All you really need to get Texas payday loans is a checking account and a steady job and a proper ID. Most loan centers are very fast and you can have your money in your hand or account in as little as 15 minutes.
This is all you will need to get the ball rolling with payday loans. The amount that you will need to payback depends on a number factors such as amount and length of time that you have the money. You will need to check there terms as many times different loan centers have different rates.
These loans can be beneficial to consumers if properly used, but there are some things to remember. Payday loans are not something you want to continuously use as all they will make it much tougher on you. Know what you can afford and don’t over extend yourself as it will just put yourself further in debt. Payday loans can be a great resource to help you get through a few tough times, but use them wisely.
“This article is brought to you by Gus Woltmann”.